Hospital is a place for all kinds of people who seek medical care. Since beginning, the hospitals are known for the treatment of sick persons but we are unaware about the adverse effects of the garbage on human body and environment. Now it is a well established fact that there are many adverse and harmful effects to the environment including human beings which are caused by the "Hospital waste" generated during the patient care. Hospital waste is a potential health hazard to the health care workers. Most wastes generated by hospital and medical clinics are non-hazardous general wastes from hospital organization activities and patient processing activities in wards which are not handling infectious diseases.
The researchers conduct this study to assess the level of knowledge and compliance on waste management system among nursing seniors. It is very important that this special type of waste be properly managed and nurses played major role in preventing hospital acquired infection since they are the person who handle the patient more often. This study determines that student nurse must be educated on proper waste management.
This research determined to answer the questions on the level of knowledge and compliance on waste management system among nursing seniors. They also sought at finding a significant relationship among the variables.
This study made use of correlational method of research. According to Catane (2000), a correlational research method is used to probe the significance of relationship between two or more factors or characteristics. The purpose of this is to establish relationship or to use relationships in making prediction. Relationships investigations typically study a number of variables believed to be related to a major and complex variables.
This study made use of correlational method of research. According to Catane (2000), a correlational research method is used to probe the significance of relationship between two or more factors or characteristics. The purpose of this is to establish relationship or to use relationships in making prediction. Relationships investigations typically study a number of variables believed to be related to major and complex variables.
The findings of the study states that, in terms of knowledge, as to storage, the largest group of 54 respondents representing 78.26% percent indicates they are very knowledgeable on storage of wastes while the next group of 15 respondents representing 21.74 percent indicates that they are knowledgeable on storage. As to segregation, the largest group of 58 respondents representing 84.06% is very knowledgeable on segregation of wastes while only 11 respondents obtaining 15.94% are knowledgeable. As to collection, the largest group of 57 respondents obtaining 82.61% is very knowledgeable on collection of wastes while the smallest group of 12 respondents obtaining 17.39% is knowledgeable. As for composite of knowledge, ranked first is the segregation of wastes that consists of 58 respondents who are very knowledgeable representing 84.06%, while storage of wastes consisting 54 respondents who are very knowledgeable representing 78.26% obtains the lowest in the rank.
In terms of compliance, As to storage, indicator 1 "Disposes biomedical waste objects that are capable of causing punctures or cuts, have been exposed to blood or body fluids including scalpels, needles, and blades in sharp container" obtained the largest weighted mean of 2.90, in which the respondents are very compliant, while the lowest weighted mean of 2.71 was obtained by indicator 3 "Places contaminated gauze and diaper in double-bagged standard plastic garbage bag." In terms of segregation, indicator 1 "uses gloves as a kind of protective gear when segregating waste materials" obtained the largest weighted mean of 2.84, while indicator 2 "Segregating waste is important to us nurses to prevent the spread of nosocomial infection, as observed" and indicator 3 "Throws time expired-drugs and drugs that have been spilled or contaminated in pharmaceutical waste containers " obtained the lowest equal weighted mean of 2.65. Both are interpreted as very compliant. As for composite of compliance, highest in the rank who are very compliant is the largest weighted mean of 2.79 obtained by storage, and followed by segregation and collection of wastes which obtained equal weighted mean of 2.74.
In terms of significant relationship, there is significant relationship between the level of knowledge and the extent of compliance of the nursing seniors on hospital waste management.
The researchers concluded that majority of the respondents have the most knowledge regarding segregation of wastes compared to collection, and storage which is the lowest in the rank. The respondents comply more in the storage of waste and less in both collection and segregation. There is significant relationship between the level of knowledge of the respondents and how they comply to it.